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四级作文类型有哪些 主要写法是什么

英语四级考试是教育部主管的一项全国性的英语考试,其目的是对大学生的实际英语能力进行客观、准确的测量,为大学英语教学提供测评服务。下面是小编整理的关于四级作文类型有哪些 主要写法是什么的资料,希望对你有所帮助!

 

俗话说知己知彼百战百胜,这句话在四级写作中也同样适用。了解了四级作文类型以及主要的写法,更能在考试中获得高分,下面小编就为大家详细介绍一下,以供参考!

英语四级作文常见类型

从作文类型来看,对比选择类、现象解释类、问题解决类以及应用文类是考查的重点。

从题材来看,一般考查两类话题,一类是校园生活话题,包括学习、日常生活、工作及健康交际等;另一类是社会热点话题,考生对这类话题比较熟悉。两类相结合的趋势越来越大。

从体裁来看,一般包括议论文、说明文、图表作文和应用文写作(包括书信、便条、通知、海报等)。从近五年真题的趋势来看,议论文仍然是四级作文的考查重点。

从命题形式看,主要有提纲作文、情景作文、提示作文、图表作文、关键词作文等。其中最容易作为考题的是提纲作文、情景作文及图表作文。

四级作文主要写法

一、描述法

通过描述漫画、图表,来引出要讨论的问题

1.As the graph depicts , …

2.From the cartoon /picture , we can see that …

3.According to the statistics shown in the first /second graph ,

4.The table shows / indicates / reveals that …

5.It can be seen /concluded from the picture / table / figures that …

二、引用法

先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法,来引出文章要展开论述的观点。

1. "Knowledge is power." This is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.

2. "Education is not complete with graduation." This is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion.

3."...." We often hear statements/words like those/this.

4. We often hear such traditional complains as this "....".

三、比较法

通过对过去、现在两种不同的倾向、观点的比较,引出文章要讨论的观点。

1. For years, ...had been viewed as .... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ..., people ....

2.People used to think that ... (In the past, ....) But people now share this new idea.

四、观点法

开门见山,直接了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法。

1.Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...

2. Now there is a(n)growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to....

3.Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of ....

4.Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that....

五、对立法

先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法,适用于有争议性的主题。

1.When asked about..., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that …. But I think/view a bit differently.

2. When it comes to ...., some people believe that…. Others argue/claim that the opposite/reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements, but I tend to the former/latter.

3. Now, it is commonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that..... They claim/ believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether.....

六、现象法

引出要剖析的现象或者问题,然后评论。

1. Recently the rise in the problem/phenomenon of ... has cause/aroused public/popular/wide/ worldwide concern.

2. Recently the issue of the problem/phenomenon of ...has been brought into focus/into public attention.

3. Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly.

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